Addiction

Cocaine Addiction

As one of the most powerful and addictive drugs you can get your hands on, cocaine is a difficult habit to kick. But you do not have to fight this addiction alone. Harmony Ridge Recovery Center is here to provide you with the help you need to leave cocaine behind. In our cocaine rehab West Virginia, you can receive professional guidance in dealing with your symptoms and addressing the underlying causes of your substance use. Our holistic approach gives you the best chances at long-term sobriety so don’t hesitate to contact us and start one of our programs today. We are available 24/7 to answer any questions you may have or start your admission process.

Woman looking at a sky with her arms spread wide in celebration after completing cocaine rehab.
A healthy and long life awats you on the other side of cocaine rehab.

Cocaine comes in a white powdery substance that reacts to the body’s central nervous system, sending signals to the brain to pump out energy and euphoria. It is usually snorted, but it can also be smoked or dissolved in water and injected through a needle. Cocaine is also referred to as coke, snow, powder, yeyo, powder, or blow. 

Although most individuals today realize that cocaine is extremely addictive, still thousands are drawn to it. As many as 2,000 Americans per day will experiment with cocaine for the very first time.

To understand what cocaine is, the effects it has on an addict, and the signs and symptoms to look for, read on.

The use of cocaine in the United States

Cocaine can be used in several different ways, depending on the form it takes. The powder can be inhaled through the nose or rubbed on the gums. Crystals can be smoked, either alone or in combination with tobacco or marijuana. Finally, both powder and crystal forms of cocaine can be dissolved in water and then injected.

There is a misconception that the crystal form of cocaine is more addictive than the powder form. This is, however, not entirely true. There are no pharmacological differences between cocaine as a powder (when uncut) and crack – both are addictive and both typically require cocaine rehab to treat. However, more of the psychoactive ingredient cocaine hydrochloride is absorbed when smoking crack than orally or nasally ingesting powder cocaine. The high is, therefore, faster and more intense as well. For some, this can make crack harder to resist than cocaine in powder form.

Cocaine is considered to be the second most used drug in the US. According to the latest reports, as many as 2% of Americans above the age of 12 have tried it, between 0.5% and 1% of the population had an addiction to it, and around 20,000 people a year die from overdosing on it. Men are twice as likely to use cocaine as women and the majority of regular users are over 25. Cocaine use is also more common in White people than any other race.


Defining Cocaine

Cocaine is a potent and highly addictive drug that acts as a nervous system stimulant. It is derived from the leaves of the coca bush, native to South America. As a Schedule II controlled substance, it is considered to be a drug that has a very high chance of causing addiction. However, it can be prescribed by a doctor as a local anesthetic in select cases.

Cocaine comes in the form of powder (typically referred to by users as coke or blow) and crystal (whose street name is crack or sometimes crack cocaine); the powder may be pure or combined (cut) with other drugs. The drugs used to cut cocaine vary and can be completely harmless or cause potentially fatal interactions – there is often no way to tell. This is one of the reasons why many users overdose before they ever enter cocaine addiction rehab.

How does cocaine affect the brain?

The human brain is essentially a network of neurons or nerve cells, which themselves consist of the body of the cell, several shorter extensions that protrude from it (called dendrites), and one long projection known as an axon. The axons of different cells do not connect; the space that still exists between them is what we call a synapse. In order to communicate across synapses, nerve cells release different neurotransmitters that carry signals over from one cell to another. One of those neurotransmitters is dopamine.

Types of damaging side effects from cocaine use include:

  • Fast heart rate
  • High blood pressure
  • Panic
  • Aggression
  • Rapid breathing
  • Severe anxiety
  • Hallucinations
  • Seizures
  • Delirium
  • Tremors
  • Problems sleeping
  • Impaired judgment
  • Cardiac arrest

Effects of Cocaine Abuse

Any consumption of cocaine is considered abuse because it is an illegal substance. Cocaine is a stimulant to the central nervous system that affects the brain by boosting high levels of dopamine, which is the brain chemical that gives reward and pleasure. Overusing cocaine will eventually harm the body with the potential for severe long-term effects. Cocaine use can also change the genetics of some brain cells, nerve cells, and proteins, amongst other permanent results.

The changes that the brain goes through when cocaine is used also have an effect on vital bodily functions that the brain controls. In the immediate aftermath of cocaine use:

  • temperature rises (potentially causing damage to the brain, the heart, and the kidneys)
  • blood pressure increases (increasing the risk of stroke)
  • heart starts beating faster and more irregularly (potentially causing a stroke or cardiac arrest)
  • sensory processing is enhanced (causing sensitivity to light, sound, and touch)

Although these effects are temporary, prolonged drug use will leave a mark on the body. By the time drug users arrive at a cocaine treatment center, they are likely to:

  • have skin ulcers, collapsed veins, and blood-borne diseases (like hepatitis C and HIV) if injecting cocaine regularly
  • experience nose bleeds, trouble breathing or swallowing, and a loss of smell after snorting cocaine excessively
  • have dental and bowel issues from ingesting cocaine
  • have difficulty breathing, impaired lung function, asthma, and a permanent cough from smoking cocaine
  • be malnourished and dehydrated due to loss of appetite
  • experience involuntary movements or spasms due to overactivity of the brain
  • suffer from hallucinations or paranoia thanks to increased sensitivity to stimuli

Some other effects due to cocaine use will include:

  • Alertness
  • Anxiety
  • Excitement
  • Talkativeness
  • Overconfidence

The way cocaine is used will also affect the potency and duration of the high. Results of snorting cocaine are short-lived, lasting around 15 to 30 minutes. To smoke or inject cocaine gives a more intense high but last for an even shorter period, roughly 5 to 10 minutes. Most cocaine users will frequently dose to keep the high going. Injecting cocaine will pose a higher risk of an overdose of cocaine use.

Cocaine abuse is hazardous because using continuously will result in problems with the brain and heart. The more common cause of death for cocaine users will be a stroke or cardiac arrest.

How Cocaine Becomes Addictive

Before you can seek help at a cocaine addiction treatment center, you must first recognize that you have an addiction to substances. But addiction to cocaine is different from simply using cocaine and the line between the two can get blurry. So how will you know if you or someone you love needs cocaine rehab West Virginia?

Statistics have shown that approximately 25% of individuals who start using cocaine recreationally end up developing an addiction. Most times, the addict won’t take the first crucial step of realizing they have an addiction and remain in a mind-frame of denial.

Cocaine is highly addictive due to the psychological and physical effects that it has on the brain. Usually, cocaine addiction will result from some combination of these two factors.

Man sitting on a bench with his head in his hands.
Addiction is all about priorities – when the drug becomes the most important thing in your life, you have a problem.

When you become addicted to cocaine, you start to use the drug compulsively regardless of the risk. You will take cocaine even if you have no real desire for it and even if the effect it produces is no longer pleasurable. Obtaining and using cocaine starts to take precedence over virtually everything else in your life – you lose interest in activities you once enjoyed, you stop eating regularly, you withdraw from previously close relationships, and you may even get into financial or legal trouble over the use of cocaine. If you suspect cocaine addiction in others, watch out for mood swings, paranoia, risky behavior, lying and secrecy, sleep pattern changes, disregard for hygiene, and a general disinterest in once common activities.


The Impacts of Cocaine Addiction

Because of its quick and powerful effects, cocaine is very addictive. It may not take more than a few tries before you can no longer control the urge to use it. And because the effects on the brain can be permanent and irreversible, it is difficult to stop using it. In fact, the strong cravings lead to relapse within a year of getting treatment in cocaine rehab for as many as 24% of users. Around 18% of cocaine users who seek help will also return to outpatient cocaine rehab at least once.

Cocaine addiction is, therefore, a chronic condition. It can have a long-lasting effect on almost every aspect of your life, including:

  • physical health – heart issues, decreased function of kidneys and the GI tract, and malnourishment are likely to leave you weaker and more prone to health problems
  • mental health – depression and anxiety are common in cocaine users, former and current, due to changes in the way the brain experiences pleasure
  • interpersonal relationships – not only will addiction often cause you to neglect your relationships with others to the point of doing them irreparable harm but battling addiction can also be a lonely and isolating experience as most people who haven’t experienced it won’t understand what you’re going through
  • behavior – the effects cocaine has on your brain and body can severely impair your ability to function; you may struggle with returning to normal, be unable to perform everyday tasks, have difficulties holding down a job, or find little joy in relationships and hobbies

The Importance of Getting Cocaine Addiction Treatment

Because cocaine is so addictive, most people struggle with leaving it behind. Without some form of cocaine rehab, most people are only able to quit for a short while. Once the cravings set, it becomes harder to maintain sobriety through sheer willpower alone. This is why addiction treatment WV is so important. Both inpatient and outpatient cocaine rehab includes therapy sessions that help you understand your condition, learn what to expect, and find healthy ways of coping. This significantly improves your chances of leaving addiction behind permanently as it leaves you with the tools you need to maintain sobriety once you’ve attained it rather than simply ending the substance use without addressing its effects on the mind and body.

What can you expect from cocaine addiction rehab?

Treatment for cocaine addiction looks different for everyone. A variety of individual factors, such as how long you’ve been using cocaine for, how often you typically use, how much of it you take, whether you have any co-occurring disorders, what kind of symptoms you experience during withdrawal, and more will determine what kind of treatment you need. Typically, rehab will include the following steps:

  • medical assessment,
  • detox (with or without medication),
  • addiction therapy (which can be based on a variety of approaches and may or may not include continued use of medication),
  • aftercare to help you transition into living sober.

It is important to remember, however, that this is just a blueprint. You may need to be assessed by a medical professional more than once or you may phase in and out of medication use. The type and intensity of the therapy you receive may also vary because the road to sobriety is highly personal and differs from individual to individual.

Man reading the Bible.
Rehab looks different for everyone and can include therapy, physical activity, and spiritual guidance.

For milder cases of addiction, outpatient cocaine rehab is typically enough. It allows you to maintain access to your home support system while also receiving professional help. You will visit the Harmony Ridge facilities for medical assessments during your detox and for therapy anywhere between 3 and 5 times a week (depending on the program).

For more serious cases or a high risk of relapse, we recommend inpatient cocaine rehab. You will stay at our facility for the duration of the program; that way, you will be under 24/7 medical supervision in a controlled environment without access to substances. Therapy as well as social activities are organized daily to help you deal with the day-to-day of leaving cocaine behind. Once you complete your inpatient program, you can join an outpatient one for further support.


Cocaine Addiction Signs and Symptoms

Signs of cocaine abuse include:

  • Over excitement
  • Overconfidence
  • Dilated pupils
  • Periods of wakefulness
  • Paranoia
  • Depression
  • Mood swings
  • Missing work
  • Legal issues
  • Runny nose
  • White powder in nostrils

Symptoms of cocaine abuse include:

  • Talkativeness
  • Lack of inhibition
  • High confidence
  • Change of sleeping and eating patterns
  • Decreased appetite
  • Muscle twitching
  • Excessive enthusiasm
  • Impotence
  • Nausea
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Engaging in risky behavior
  • Irritability

To recognize the signs and symptoms of cocaine abuse is vital. The next crucial step is enlisting the services of an experienced treatment center to help you through the situation, including proposing to your loved one detox and rehab.


Rates and Statistics for Cocaine Addiction

Recent studies from the National Survey and Drug Use and Health had shown that 1.5 million people age 12 or older had used cocaine within a month of keeping track. The same study had found that within 12 months, almost one million people met the diagnostic criteria of being addicted to cocaine.

This statistic states that 0.4% of the population in the U.S. has a cocaine addiction. With these statistics, it is possible to calculate an approximate addiction rate of cocaine for recreational cocaine users, which is around 60%. Some other statistics will vary with one study showing the cocaine addiction rate for recreational cocaine users is at 25%.


Diagnosing Cocaine Addiction

Cocaine addiction must be diagnosed by a licensed doctor who considers a variety of single factors. Ultimately, the doctor will use several different criteria out of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders to evaluate if the patient has a cocaine addiction.

Typically, a cocaine addiction diagnosis will depend on having at least two of the following criteria, which include:

  • Developing a tolerance
  • Social or problems related to cocaine use
  • Using more significant amounts of cocaine
  • Hazardous use of cocaine
  • Neglected responsibilities primarily to get high
  • Cravings
  • Activity replaced by cocaine use
  • Excess of time spent using cocaine
  • Repeat attempts to quit cocaine
  • Psychological or physical issues related to cocaine use

Every individual’s cocaine addiction will be unique, and will ultimately require individual assessment by a doctor to diagnose the patient with cocaine addiction.

Cocaine Used and Other Substances

Most individuals who experiment with cocaine will usually do so in environments where other substances are being also used. For this reason, most individuals with a cocaine addiction likely will also have a dependence on other substances, such as marijuana or alcohol. This is known as polydrug use and is quite dangerous, as it increases the risk of a fatal overdose.

Alcohol and cocaine are frequently used together, to the point where alcohol becomes a trigger for cocaine users to try to recover. Because of this reason, it is essential to stay away from all drugs and substances during the recovery process. To use heroin and cocaine together is, by far, the most dangerous and lethal of all drug combinations that include cocaine.

The Cocaine Rehab West Virginia Program at Harmony Ridge

Cocaine addiction treatment will usually start with an initial detox process where the drugs and substances are cleansed from the body, and healthcare professionals manage the effects of withdrawal.

If you’ve decided to seek help for your substance use problem, you’ll want to enter the best possible cocaine addiction rehab to increase your chances at achieving and later maintaining sobriety. Harmony Ridge Recovery Center prides itself on being one of the best addiction centers in the country with up-to-date and evidence-based treatment options provided by compassionate experts with your best interests in mind. So what exactly do we do?

Detoxing from cocaine

The first step in cocaine addiction rehab is detoxing from the substance. This process removes the drug from the body. It is not in itself rehab; rather, is the first step toward rehab. However, it is also the hardest step for many to get through. The symptoms of cocaine withdrawal can be very unpleasant and for some, even dangerous. This is why it is best to detox under professional supervision where doctors can manage and monitor your symptoms. You may experience:

  • irritability, anxiety, mood swings, fatigue, and increased appetite (especially in the early stages of withdrawal)
  • depression, anxiety, paranoia, trouble sleeping, and vivid dreams (most common after the initial crash)
  • difficulty concentrating and regulating emotions (starts in the later stages of withdrawal)
  • intense cravings throughout and sometimes even after detox

Most people start to experience symptoms of withdrawal between 8 and 12 hours after their last dose. It takes on average five to seven days to complete the detoxification process. However, the duration depends on the person and how their body reacts to stimulants. So you may be experiencing symptoms for anywhere between a few days and several weeks. Cravings may return even months and years after you’ve stopped using.

When you detox at Harmony Ridge, our medical staff will be on hand to help keep you as comfortable and safe as possible. If your symptoms are particularly severe, you may even receive medication to help manage them.

Cocaine rehab programs

At Harmony Ridge, you’ll be able to choose the kind of cocaine rehab that suits you. We offer programs of varying intensity so that you can get exactly the amount of help you need. Consider our:

  • residential rehab WV – If you worry that you won’t be able to resist using drugs or if your environment makes it hard for you to abstain from them, then this is the right choice for you. This is an intensive and highly structured program that gives you 24/7 access to professional help and severely restricts access to illegal substances, making it harder to relapse.
  • partial hospitalization program – If you want to stay in the comfort of your home, surrounded by family and friends, but don’t think outpatient cocaine rehab will be enough for you, then PHP is perfect. Although you won’t live at our facilities, you will have almost daily check-ins and up to 30 hours of treatment weekly.
  • intensive outpatient program – If you believe an outpatient program is enough for you but would like to have more than just an hour or two of support weekly, then our intensive outpatient rehab may be for you. With nine hours of therapy on a weekly basis split into three three-hour sessions, you will get the best of both worlds – your support system at home and plenty of professional help too.

Sober living

Successfully transitioning out of rehab and into everyday life without substances can be difficult. Many people find that they still need support even after completing a program. For this reason, many people start outpatient cocaine rehab after a residential treatment or enroll in a 12-step program and attend meetings. But what if simply going home to live in your regular environment is triggering? Harmony Ridge has a solution for you.

Three girls looking at a phone screen in a living room.
Sober living homes are a great middle step between cocaine rehab and going home.

Our facilities include a group home for sober living WV for everyone who doesn’t yet feel safe going home after rehab. You will be surrounded by a supportive and loving community of others who are walking the same path to a sober life as you. Drugs and alcohol are not allowed in the house. This means you won’t have easy access to cocaine when you get cravings. Tasks like cleaning and cooking are shared among residents to encourage sticking to routines and relearning everyday responsibilities. Ultimately, the goal of our sober living home is to be the in-between step that makes it easier to go from rehab to everyday life.

Addiction aftercare

Sober living homes are a way to practice sobriety after cocaine rehab. They are a part of what we call addiction aftercare – activities and practices that help you maintain your sobriety after treatment. It is very important to plan for these as they can make a huge difference in your day-to-day life without substancs. So before you leave our cocaine treatment center, your case manager will discuss addiction aftercare programs WV with you. These may include a stay at a sober living home, continuing a medication regiment, joining a 12-step program, finding a sponsor, attending more therapy, or something else entirely – it all depends on what helps you personally.

Treatments you will receive in our cocaine rehab program

At Harmony Ridge, we believe in tailoring the rehab to your needs. Consequently, many different types of treatment can be a part of your cocaine rehab West Virginia, depending on what you respond best to. We organize both:

  • individual therapy for addiction – one-on-one meetings with a therapist, especially suitable for those with co-occurring disorders who want to learn how to manage them without substances; and
  • group therapy for addiction – a therapist-led meeting with others going through rehab that fosters communication and builds a supportive environment

Our cocaine addiction treatment center employs therapists who specialize in several different approaches to therapy. They will work with you to find the best and most effective treatment for you. Here is what you can expect:

No matter what approach works for you, you will receive holistic addiction therapy at our cocaine treatment center. That means we combine a wide variety of treatment methods in order to address every aspect of addiction. In addition to therapy, this may include medication, meditation, physical activity, nutrition, traditional medicine, and more.

Other addictions we treat at Harmony Ridge

Harmony Ridge provides treatment for the misuse of various substances in addition to cocaine addiction rehab. If you or someone you know is struggling with addiction to other drugs or to alcohol, we will be happy to help. Our addiction programs include:


The Benefits of Choosing Harmony Ridge Recovery Center for Cocaine Rehab

Studies have shown that about 60% to 78% of individuals who tempted to quit cocaine use on their own have experienced a setback. According to The National Institute on Drug Abuse, therapy and treatment can approve the odds of maintaining sobriety by as much as 50%.

When you decide to enter cocaine rehab, it is important to choose the right cocaine treatment center. Where you receive help and who from will greatly affect your odds of success. Luckily, Harmony Ridge Recovery Center is exactly what you need.

  1. Our unique location gives you an opportunity to recover in a peaceful environment. Cocaine rehab doesn’t have to be the terrible experience you’re picturing when you choose a program at our cocaine addiction treatment center. Our facilities are surrounded by more than 50 acres of beautiful nature that you can explore in your downtime as a way of finding inner peace.
  2. Our holistic approach to treatment provides the best chance at long-term success. If cocaine rehab is to lead to long-term sobriety, it needs to address every aspect of the addiction the causes and consequences of which can be mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and more. At our cocaine treatment center, we don’t neglect any part of your life – we believe in a holistic approach that combines a variety of methods to target different areas of life affected by addiction.
  3. Our compassionate staff will treat you with dignity and respect. The last thing you need when you opt for cocaine rehab is to be judged for your addiction. We understand that better than anyone, which is why you will only find understanding and caring people working at our cocaine addiction treatment center. We have all had personal experiences with addiction and know how difficult it can be to escape it so will treat you with the kindness you deserve.

    Two women holding hands during cocaine rehab.
    Our staff will treat you with compassion during your recovery.

How to Afford Cocaine Rehab at Harmony Ridge?

Many people put off cocaine addiction rehab because they are worried they cannot afford it. After all, cocaine is an expensive habit that can easily deplete your resources. But Harmony Ridge accepts different forms of payment to make it easier for you to afford the help you need. You can pay for your stay at our cocaine addiction treatment center with:

  • self-pay – if you can afford the cost of rehab, paying the full price yourself is often the simplest option
  • personal loans – some individuals and even banks are willing to give out loans on the condition that the money goes toward rehab
  • private health insurance – if you have insurance coverage (or are a dependant on someone else’s insurance), you can use most major plans to cover the cost of your treatment at Harmony Ridge
  • Medicaid – Harmony Ridge is one of the few rehab centers in WV that accept Medicaid as a form of payment

Cocaine Abuse Cocaine Key Points

There are multiple battle points to keep in mind regarding cocaine addiction, which include:

  • Cocaine addiction is both physical and psychological
  • A doctor or medical professional must diagnose a cocaine addiction
  • Recovery rates for cocaine addiction will be improved with treatment
  • Cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant drug
  • Cocaine abuse has several dangerous and potentially deadly side effects

Contact Us and Start Your Recovery Journey Today!

If you or a loved one has a cocaine addiction, do not let another day go past without getting the help and answer that you need. Our team at Harmony Ridge Recovery Center understands how overwhelming it can be to consider reaching out for treatment, rest assured that in doing so, you’re making a decision that could potentially be life-saving.

Cocaine rehab is not something you should put off so don’t waste your time on second thoughts once you realize you have a problem. We are available 24/7 to help you plan and prepare for treatment – contact us as soon as you are ready and we will do everything in our power to help you navigate the road to sobriety. You will receive professional and compassionate care at the Harmony Ridge Recovery Center, all while enjoying the benefits of being surrounded by nature and building bonds with a supportive community. So reach out to us and step into a cocaine-free future!

FAQ

1. What are the symptoms of cocaine addiction?

Cocaine users typically suffer from restlessness, insomnia, increased heart rate and blood pressure, increased body temperature, and diminished appetite. You may also find yourself experiencing mood swings, irritability, recklessness, and even psychosis. If these symptoms persist or worsen and you find yourself turning to cocaine to mitigate them, you may have developed an addiction.

2. What are the symptoms of cocaine overdose?

Taking too much cocaine can result in delirium, fever, dangerously rapid heartbeat and high blood pressure, trouble breathing, and stroke. The effects of the overdose are potentially lethal – call 911 immediately if you or someone you know is exhibiting symptoms.

3. What are the risks of prolonged cocaine use?

Long-term, cocaine damages the heart, the kidneys, and the liver. It can also lead to permanent brain damage and stroke. All of these issues are potentially irreversible and potentially fatal. In addition to the health concerns, cocaine will have a negative effect on your interpersonal relationships, social status, and mental health.

4. What are the symptoms of cocaine withdrawal?

When you are going through cocaine withdrawal, whether intentionally or not, you can expect to experience restlessness, irritability, anxiety, paranoia, fatigue, nightmares, chills, and tremors. Because the symptoms can be very unpleasant and cause strong cravings, it is best to detox under medical supervision.

5. How long does cocaine rehab take?

Because cocaine is highly addictive, recovery can take a long time. Detox alone can take anywhere between 5 days and three weeks. Inpatient rehab of 30 to 90 days (and sometimes more) is often recommended; even after that, many opt for continued assistance through outpatient programs. Everyone responds to treatment differently so it is impossible to say with certainty how long rehab might take for you – take whatever time you need to ensure your future is cocaine-free.

6. Why do cocaine users relapse?

The risk of relapse is high in cocaine users, even with treatment. This is in large part due to the profund effect cocaine has on the body. Prolonged use of the drug can drastically alter brain chemistry and make it feel impossible to function normally without it. Cocaine can also produce intense cravings long after detox. Stress can trigger those cravings, making it more likely for a person to relapse when going through a difficult or intense period of their life. There are currently no medications approved for treatment of cocaine addiction either so therapy, support, and strength of will are necessary for continued sobriety.

7. Can cocaine addiction be treated successfully?

Like any other substance use disorder, cocaine addiction can be treated successfully. If you are committed to sobriety, you can achieve it with the help of therapy, medication for co-occurring disorders, and support from loved ones. It also helps to remove yourself from triggering environments by moving to a different neighborhood and cutting or limiting contact with other cocaine users. Developing healthy coping mechanisms for stress can be a way to combat cravings too. But most importantly – don’t give up!